What is Pimples or Acne?

        Acne is a disease that involves the oil glands of the skin. It is not dangerous, but can leave skin scars. Your skin has pores (tiny holes) which connect to oil glands located under the skin. The glands are connected to the pores via follicles - small canals. Sebum, an oily liquid, is produced by these glands. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of your skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin.Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked.

        In humans, when pimples appear they tend to do so on the patient's face, back, chest, shoulders and neck. Acne develops when follicles get blocked and infected.

There are various types of pimples

   Whiteheads - remain under the skin and are very small.
     Blackheads - clearly visible, they are black and appear           on the surface of the skin. Remember that a blackhead is not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face vigorously when you see blackheads will not help.
     Papules - visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps, usually pink.
     Pustules - clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top.
     Nodules - clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. They are painful and are embedded deep in the skin.
     Cysts - clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful, and are filled with pus.Cysts can easily cause scars.

 

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